National Register Properties in Oklahoma

LEWIS ROSS / CHEROKEE ORPHAN ASYLUM SPRINGHOUSE

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DESCRIPTION: THE SPRING HOUSE IS ONE OF THE OLDEST EXTANT PROPERTIES IN THE STATE AND IS IMPORTANT FOR ITS ASSOCIATION WITH LEWIS ROSS, A PROMINENT CHEROKEE WHO ESTABLISHED THE FIRST SALT WORKS IN INDIAN TERRITORY AND DISCOVERED THE FIRST NON-COMMERCIAL OIL WELL IN 1859. LEWIS ROSS SETTLED IN THE AREA AROUND 1838, BUILDING A HOUSE AND SPRING HOUSE SOON AFTER. THE 1844 SPRING HOUSE IS AN OCTAGONALLY SHAPED STRUCTURE BUILT OF NATIVE STONE BLOCKS. THE ROOF HAS AN OCTAGONAL BASE WITH GENTLY PITCHED SLOPES RISING TO A PEAK. THE ROOF IS COVERED IN WOOD SHINGLES. THE BUILDING IS APPROXIMATELY 8 FEET IN HEIGHT. AN OPEN AIR ENTRANCE IS LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE AND THERE ARE TWO WINDOW OPENINGS. IN 1873, THE CHEROKEE NATION ACQUIRED THE PROPERTY IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH AN ORPHANAGE. THE ORPHANAGE USED THE SPRING HOUSE FOR ITS WATER AND AS FOOD STORAGE. THE ROSS HOME WAS DESTROYED BY FIRE IN 1903, BUT THE SPRING HOUSE REMAINS. LISTED IN NATIONAL REGISTER 8/18/1983.

NR ID Number 83002092

Historic Name

LEWIS ROSS / CHEROKEE ORPHAN ASYLUM SPRINGHOUSE

Current Name

THE BLOCKHOUSE

Project Name 

Latitude 36.29165
Longitude -95.14994

Address

OFF OK 20

City

SALINA VICINITY

County

MAYES

County code

097

Lot

Block

Section

Township

Range

Type BUILDING
Historic Function  INDUSTRY/PROCESSING/EXTRACTION: WATER WORKS
Current Function RECREATION AND CULTURE: OUTDOOR RECREATION: PARK
Area Significance 1 ETHNIC HERITAGE: NATIVE AMERICAN
Area Significance 2 EXPLORATION/SETTLEMENT
Architect / Builder ROSS, LEWIS - BUILDER
Date Prepared  JANUARY 1983
Year Built 1844
Original Site  YES
Architectural  Style NO DISTINCTIVE STYLE
Roof Material  WOOD
Wall Material STONE
Window Material  N/A
Door Material N/A
Decorative Detail
Condition GOOD

 
Comments:-
DOCUMENTATION SOURCES (CONT): MURIEL WRIGHT, GEORGE SHIRK, AND KENNY FRANKS, MARK OF HERITAGE, OKLAHOMA CITY: OKLAHOMA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 1976, P.44; JOHN W. MORRIS AND CHARLES GOINS, HISTORICAL ATLAS OF OKLAHOMA, NORMAN: UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS, 1976, P. 36; ARRELL M. GIBSON, OKLAHOMA: A HISTORY OF FIVE CENTURIES, NORMAN: HARLOW PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1965, P.274

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